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Geography and neighbours

Geographical Features

Romania (238,391 km2 or 91,843 sq miles) has always enjoyed a geo-strategic place in the heart of Europe, having been throughout history a haven of civilization.

Romania is situated in the South-East of Central Europe, to the North of the Balkan Peninsula, it is crossed by the Danube (the second longest river in Europe at 2860km) on a stretch of 1075km, and features a 193.5 km coastline along the Black Sea. It is also on Romania’s territory that the Danube flows into the Black Sea through its three branches Chilia, Sulina & Sfantul Gheorghe forming a fabulous, vast delta.

Romania is crossed by the 45th parallel which influences its temperate climate.


Ukraine to the North, Hungary to the West, Serbia & Montenegro to the South-West, Bulgaria to the South, Black Sea to the South-East and the Republic of Moldova to the East.
Benefiting from a temperate climate with generous, sunny summers (35oC-42oC), multicoloured autumns and abundantly snowy winters (-5oC, -10oC), Romania’s territory has the layout of an amphitheatre.  The landscape has a circular display and shows three major levels of altitude: the magnificent Carpathian Mountains – surnamed the Alps of Transylvania (height over 2500m) surrounding the Transylvanian Tableland in the middle (400 - 600m), hills and terraced plains at the foot of the mountains (1000 - 1500m) and, embracing the hills, low fertile plains, crossed by a radial network of rivers on the lowest level, forming the auditorium of our imaginary amphitheatre.
The plains along the South border, bathed by the river Danube, are extraordinarily favourable to agriculture and there is a vast irrigation network in place.  To the East (Moldavia) and South-East (Dobrudja), Romania displays a rolling countryside, adorned by rich orchards and famous vineyards.



Link:  Look Romania

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